People with Disability in Australia 2022

People with disability in Australia brings together information from a range of national data sources to contribute to a greater understanding of disability in Australia.

Some people with disability face challenges routinely and actively participating in everyday life areas (such as employment) and are more likely to experience poor health, discrimination and violence than those without disability. This report brings together information from a range of national data sources to contribute to a greater understanding of disability in Australia.


The report contains an extensive section on housing.

The availability of affordable, sustainable and appropriate housing helps people to participate in social, economic and community aspects of life. The absence of such housing can have a number of negative consequences, including homelessness, poor health and reduced participation in employment and education.

The report contains sections on: Type of Housing, Living Arrangements, Housing-related Needs, Housing Assistance and Homelessness Services.

Type of Housing

The type of housing a person lives in can affect other aspects of their lives. While most people with disability live at home in the community (in private dwellings), some live in cared accommodation. While most people with disability (96 per cent or 4.2 million) live in private dwellings, this was not always so. In the past, many, particularly those with severe or profound disability, lived in cared accommodation.

Homelessness Services

The most common main reason clients with disability seek support relate to accommodation (42 per cent or 9,400), followed by interpersonal relationships (22 per cent or 5,000). The main reasons clients seek support vary between those with and without disability. For example, clients with disability are more likely to report housing crisis as a main reason for seeking support and less likely to report domestic or family violence.

Accommodation is the most needed type of service for clients with (70 per cent or 15,800) and without (61 per cent or 147,000) disability (for SHS clients with known disability status). Clients with disability, however, generally have a higher need for all types of accommodation:

  • 53 per cent (or 12,100) need long-term housing, compared with 39 per cent (or 95,500)
  • 41 per cent (or 9,300) need medium-term or transitional housing, compared with 30 per cent (or 72,300)
  • 46 per cent (or 10,600) need short-term or emergency accommodation, compared with 40 per cent (or 97,900).
  • Clients with disability are also more likely than those without disability to need most other types of assistance, with the exception of assistance for domestic and/or family violence, culturally specific services and child care.


Australian Institute of Health and Wellbeing.

Report Versions

Read the ‘in brief’ version. Read full report here.