National Housing and Homelessness Agreement Review

An Issues Paper providing guidance for submissions into the Productivity Commission’s three-year statutory Housing and Homelessness Agreement Review review of The National Housing and Homelessness Agreement (NHHA) has been released.

What is the NHHA?

The NHHA commenced on Sunday, 1 July 2018 and provides around $1.6 billion each year to states and territories to improve Australians’ access to secure and affordable housing across the housing spectrum, including $129 million set aside for homelessness services in 2020-21.

It sets out the roles and responsibilities of the Australian Government and the States and Territories in improving housing outcomes. It also identifies nationally agreed objectives, outcomes and performance indicators. Homelessness funding under the NHHA is required to be matched by states and territories.

Bilateral Agreements under the NHHA expire at the end of 2022-23 with future funding subject to negotiation.

The Review

On Monday, 13 December 2021 the Productivity Commission announced its intention to review the NHHA agreement.

Terms of Reference have been developed, and on Tuesday, 21 December 2021 the Productivity Commission released an Issues Paper to provide guidance for submissions.

The Commission has indicated it will be considering:

  • the effectiveness and appropriateness of the objectives, outcomes and outputs of the NHHA, taking into account the roles of the Australian Government, the States and Territories and their interaction with local governments
  • the extent to which the NHHA is meeting its objectives
  • evidence that the Agreement is contributing to achieving its outcomes and options to improve progress towards meeting the outcomes
  • the adequacy and quality of the data and information reported under the NHHA
  • the effectiveness of the performance monitoring and reporting framework of the NHHA for measuring the outcomes achieved and ensuring transparency and accountability
  • options to maximise outcomes that can be achieved with the NHHA funding
  • the suitability of the housing priority policy areas, national homelessness priority cohorts and homelessness priority policy areas and the extent to which they have been addressed
  • the effectiveness of the Agreement’s data improvement outputs for achieving an improved, nationally consistent data set
  • whether the conditions to be eligible for funding under the Agreement are sufficient to achieve NHHA outcomes
  • the extent to which the NHHA is meeting the obligations of governments under Australia’s Disability Strategy.

The Commission will also look at:

  • the respective roles of the Australian Government and the State and Territory Governments for housing and homelessness policy
  • the impact of social and economic factors, including the coronavirus pandemic, on housing and homelessness in Australia
  • the housing and homelessness strategies and priorities of each of the States and Territories
  • the bilateral schedules between the States and Territories and the Australian Government.


Submissions are due by Monday, 21 February 2022 – but Shelter WA has an extension till Friday, 1 April to provide a submission.

The Productivity Commission review offers the sector a valuable opportunity to advocate for improvements in housing and homelessness policy and funding. Shelter WA will be working with National Shelter, CHIA and our sector to submit a response.